The R.M.S. Empress of Ireland Community
This article was published in September 22nd, 1914. It was about three months after the formal Inquiry was over and Lord Mersey and his other nautical assessors came to the conclusion that when a vessel was approaching fog that the captain should close his watertight doors and his port holes until the fog has cleared. Or whenever practical they should be closed at sunset and reopened at sun rise.
Precautions of this kind would secure the float-ability of the ship in accordance with the designer's intentions. Whereas neglect of such precautions may lead to the foundering of a vessel.
And yet during the Formal Inquiry when the Canadian Pacific Rule Book was read in court about closing watertight doors and port holes when approaching fog, snow or sleet. This was over ruled by Lord Mersey stating that the rules did not fall under Admiralty Law. Captain Kendall was not reprimanded for his lack of action in this case and his ship sank in 14 minutes with disastrous results. He was exonerated and sent home as a hero!
Picture 1 Empress of Ireland approaches the fog.
Picture 2 Collision occurs
Picture 3 Empress rapidly sinks watertight doors and port holes open